Difference between revisions of "Release 3/New"

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It is recommended that you read the latest release notes [http://wiki.openmandriva.org/en/Release_3/Release_Notes on our wiki].
+
It is recommended that you read the latest release notes [http://wiki.openmandriva.org/en/Release 3/Release_Notes on our wiki].
  
= Release 3 =
+
== What's New in OpenMandriva Lx '''3'''? ==
{{RightTOC}}
+
This is a new OpenMandriva Lx release, the fourth product from the OpenMandriva Association.
The OpenMandriva Lx teams are pleased to announce the availability of the release 3!
+
  
Detailed below are some of the advances that the distribution has incorporated since OpenMandriva Lx 2014.1.
+
[[Codename]] for this release is Phosphorus.
Apart from the enhancements 233 bug have been resolved since the 2014 release.
+
  
= Available Media =
 
This release is available as a live media DVD, downloadable in ISO format. These are available on our downloads page.
 
  
''Live media'' means you're able to run OpenMandriva Lx straight from a DVD or memory stick (See Below) and try it before installing it. You may also install the system to hard disk either from the running live image or from the boot manager.
+
Over the course of the past year we've tried to evolve the way you use your desktop with us. Here are some of the things we've done for '''3''':
  
== Important Note ==
+
== Theme and artwork ==
 +
OpenMandriva Lx ships with our traditional Elementary theme, signifying its ease of use. We also have our OpenMandriva 2014.1 artwork.
  
The live media currently comes with no predefault mirrors. This means that there are currently no mirrors accessible to urpmi. The mirror list is updated/refreshed periodically.
+
== KDE 4.13.3 ==
 +
We've included the latest release of KDE 4.13.3 with our distribution, bringing with it the latest KDE stable, secure, and reliable KDE release:
  
It may be that you have installed this release very early, so the mirrorlist may not yet be due for update - so urpmi will refuse to work. There are two ways to correct this problem:
+
We've also included [https://blogs.kde.org/2014/01/29/homerun-120 '''Homerun Kicker'''] as our default launcher.
# Wait a few hours until the mirror list is due for an update.
+
# Force a refresh by running <code>su -c 'rm -f /var/cache/urpmi/mirrors.cache'</code>, entering the root (administrator) password when prompted.
+
  
== Recommended Hardware ==
+
There are also some changes:
OpenMandriva Lx '''3''' requires at least '''1 GB''' of memory (min 640MB), at least
+
* We feature [http://community.kde.org/Plasma/Plasma_Media_Center '''plasma-mediacenter'''!]
'''10 GB''' of hard drive space (see below for known issues with partitioning), and for best compositing performance a suitable accelerated 3D graphics card.
+
  
If you wish to run the '''live''' distribution (the option to <code>Start OpenMandriva '''3'''</code> at the CD boot screen), you must have at minimum '''1.5 GB''' of memory. At least '''2 GB''' of memory is recommended for optimal performance.
+
* KMail is our default email client, which has improved greatly since our last release.
  
Releases are available for '''i586''' and '''x86_64''' architectures. ARM architectures are not available for this release.
+
* VLC is our default video player.
  
== Virtual Machines ==
+
* plasma-nm which is a great replacement for old networking tool
The same hardware requirements apply when running in virtual machines.
+
  
For '''VirtualBox''', however, you must '''ALWAYS''' have at least 1536 MB of memory or OpenMandriva Lx will fail to boot.
+
For more information about KDE 4.13.3, [https://www.kde.org/announcements/announce-4.13.3.php check out the KDE's website].
Please ensure that VirtualBox is configured with "Enable PAE/NX" This option can be found under the System>Processor tab
+
Also for '''VirtualBox''' you must install to a fresh VM, as trying to install to an existing one may fail. This recent problem is being investigated.
+
  
Note that if you use <code>qemu</code>, you may need to select an alternative graphics driver other than your distribution default or you will boot to a black screen.
+
== JAVA ==
 +
The java stack has been remade in cooker to be 100% compatible with [https://lists.fedoraproject.org/pipermail/java-devel/2014-January/005104.html Fedora 20], and the work backported to 2014.1.
  
== EFI Support ==
+
Spotlight is a fully functional eclipse 4.3.1.
This is the first release of OpenMandriva Lx that incorporates support for [[UEFI]] booting. You should be able to boot on [[UEFI]] machines; however, we have only performed limited testing.
+
  
We welcome feedback on user experience. It should be possible to boot the live system on the majority of machines; however, '''your mileage may vary'''. Please file bug reports at [https://issues.openmandriva.org/ our bug tracker].
+
== Updates and new applications ==
 +
=== Mozilla Firefox 32.0 ===
 +
Firefox has been updated to version 32.0, with bugfixes and new features.
  
== Booting from USB ==
 
It is also possible to boot this release from a USB storage device. To transfer the live/installation you may use the ROSA Image Writer available from our repos:
 
<pre>
 
urpmi rosa-imagewriter
 
</pre>
 
  
Or, if you do not have OpenMandriva Lx:<br />
+
For more information, see [http://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/32.0/releasenotes/ Mozilla's website].
[http://wiki.rosalab.ru/en/images/3/30/RosaImageWriter-2.4-win.zip Windows (32-bit)] <br />
+
[http://wiki.rosalab.ru/en/images/d/d1/RosaImageWriter-2.4-lin-i686.txz Linux x86 (32 bit)] <br />
+
[http://wiki.rosalab.ru/en/images/4/45/RosaImageWriter-2.4-lin-x86_64.txz Linux x86_64 (64 bit)] <br />
+
[http://wiki.rosalab.ru/en/images/6/67/RosaImageWriter-2.4-osx.dmg Mac OS]
+
  
At least 2GB of flash drive capacity is recommended. Persistent storage is not necessary. Note that this will '''erase''' everything on your USB!
+
=== LibreOffice 4.3.1 ===
 +
2014.1 brings with it the newest version of the LibreOffice suite - word processing, presentations, and spreadsheets, as well as other productivity tools to help with your everyday life!
  
=== via dd ===
+
=== Other significant updates ===
 +
This release features the new startup system, '''systemd''', which is being adopted widely within the Linux world.
  
You may alternatively dd the image to your USB stick:
+
== Performance Improvements ==
<pre>dd if=<iso_name> of=<usb_drive> bs=4M</pre>
+
OpenMandriva Lx 2014.1 has been improving with every iteration - we've tried to make sure that your system works in a stable yet powerful manner.
  
Replace <code><iso_name></code> with the path to the ISO and <code><usb_drive></code> with the device node of the USB drive, i.e. <code>/dev/sdb</code>.
+
The kernel has been upgraded to 3.15.10 nrjQL - a powerful variant of the 3.15.10 kernel. The CPU and RCU have been configured with full preemption and boost mode, while we've also added the CK1 and BFQ patchsets to provide optimisations (including a better CPU load scheduler, better disk I/O scheduler, a better memory manager via UKSM, and TuxOnIce for better suspension and hibernation), designed with desktop system performance and responsiveness in mind.
  
= New Features and Major Changes =
+
== USB Friendly ==
OpenMandriva Lx '''3''' is a new release.
+
  
 +
== OpenMandriva Lx Applications ==
  
== Kernel ==
+
== Other Improvements ==
A new Kernel '''3.18.2 NRJQL''' – a powerful variant of the 3.18.2 kernel that has been configured with desktop system performance, responsiveness, and realtime capabilities, in mind.
+
<br><br>
+
The new NRJ mode adds CPU and RCU full Preemption and Boost mode, the QL mode adds patchsets which combine to provide further optimisations, including BFS CPU task scheduler, BFQ disk I/O scheduler, UKSM memory management, TOI for suspension and hibernation.
+
<br><br>
+
SQUASHFS_MULTI_DECOMPRESSOR within the kernel supports the use of all available CPU’s for faster booting of Live Images.
+
<br><br>
+
Some very recent USB patches that partially correct a misinterpretation of the USB standard will improve device compatibility and also ensure that devices re-awake properly after suspend or hibernate.
+
<br><br>
+
NFS has also received some attention with patches that will give faster start up of the NFS services.
+
<br><br>
+
This kernel version is enabled with kernel keys necessary to use the “EDID ovverride” feature, with this we should be able to override an incorrect screen EDID with boot time options, we have included EDIDBINS in the ISOs, a package containing  5 basic firmwares for the most common resolutions so that users may force different resolutions than the ones detected automatically by X.
+
<br><br>
+
The CONFIG_ACPI_CUSTOM_DSDT key allows loading of a customised acpi table. Details will be found on our Wiki in the kernel pages.
+
<br><br>
+
To improve the powersave and reduce the comsumption on portable PCs:
+
<br>
+
- it has been enabled the audio powersave for AC97 and Intel HDA modules
+
<br>
+
- it has been imported ASPM fix patch from kernel 3.17 queue
+
<br>
+
> http://www.phoronix.com/scan.php?page=news_item&px=MTc0NzE
+
<br><br>
+
To improve the proper fps reproduction of hires videos:
+
<br>
+
- it has been added: UVD handle basis fps estimation v2
+
<br>
+
> http://lists.freedesktop.org/archives/dri-devel/2014-August/065766.html
+
<br><br>
+
It has been fixed the support for running 16-bit code on Wine32
+
<br><br>
+
It has been fixed an old performance regression for KVM with BFS
+
<br><br>
+
'''Highlight''':
+
<br>
+
''HT/SMT NICE'' feature added and enabled by default for a better responsiveness and realtime behaviour on all PC with HT (Hyper-Thread), improving performance of foreground applications at the expense of background ones.
+
<br>
+
Your desktop / gui / applications will remain fast even if you run folding@home, mprime, seti@home etc.
+
<br>
+
A more effective and precise control on the nice levels of server apps for its proper balancing and tuneups.
+
<br><br>
+
Please, see: https://wiki.openmandriva.org/en/Kernel for more information.
+
<br><br>
+
  
== Desktop ==
+
== Booting OpenMandriva Lx ==
The oma-welcome <code>oma-welcome</code>, or '''Welcome to OpenMandriva Lx''' has been updated to reflect the new version. This application introduces users to OpenMandriva Lx and shows them some of the features we have, as well as providing quick links to common tasks such as updating, installing new software, and configuring a desktop.
+
  
== Xorg ==
+
=== Booting from USB ===
We've upgraded Xorg to version 1.16.3, and Mesa to 10.4.2, which brings the latest free drivers for the best performance.
+
<!-- text goes here below -->
A Compose cache is now incorporated which speeds up application startup time and reduces memory usage especially in locales with large Compose tables (e.g. all UTF-8 locales).
+
 
+
We recommend that users change the composite manager in KDE from XRender to OpenGL mode. This gives transparency the proper blur effect. This also allows our theme and it's decorations to be shown at their best.
+
  
== KDE 4.14.3 ==
+
=== Booting from DVD ===
We've upgraded to the latest and greatest version of the KDE desktop. If you don't know what KDE is, [http://www.kde.org/announcements/announce-4.13.3.php learn more at their website].
+
<!-- text goes here below -->
 
+
We've switched our default menu launcher to '''Homerun kicker'''. To learn more about Homerun, [http://userbase.kde.org/Homerun check out its features page].
+
 
+
The network management, media centre, and mobile device support has also been updated.
+
 
+
== LibreOffice 4.3.1 ==
+
The latest LibreOffice featuring much faster load times and many bug fixes.
+
 
+
== Firefox 52 ==
+
The latest firefox with it's new graphical interface and all the latest features.
+
 
+
You may wish to suspend desktop effects when Firefox is in full screen mode, as it speeds up scrolling.
+
 
+
== Java 7-8 ==
+
The OpenMandriva Java stack has been entirely rebuilt to version 7 and is completely functional.
+
 
+
We currently provide Eclipse Kepler by default.
+
 
+
== Printing ==
+
Improved support for printing, with an emphasis on the latest HP printers.
+
 
+
== Upgrading to '''3''' ==
+
Upgrading between releases always has the potential to cause some problems. Upgrading is supported and we do test upgrades, but due to the huge range of packages and hardware configurations that are possible, the upgrade may cause unexpected problems. Therefore we recommend that you always perform fully backup your system prior to any upgrading attempt, since there can be a chance for a loss of data.
+
In particular be aware that upgrading between MDV-based packages and OMV-based packages may be the most problematic and should be avoided if possible.
+
 
+
We hope that upgrading between OpenMandriva Lx releases will become less problematic in the near future.
+
 
+
=== Upgrading from previous OpenMandriva Lx Releases ===
+
If you do NOT receive an upgrade notification from the '''Online Update''' applet, you may have to update your system.
+
 
+
If <code>mdkapplet</code> crashes trying to upgrade, you may have to update the packages on your system first.
+
 
+
If you still do not receive a notification (we may not have pushed it to all systems) or wish to do a manual upgrade,
+
you may step through the following procedure.
+
 
+
'''As root, run the following commands:'''
+
  
 +
=== Booting from ISO file ===
 +
Grub2 entry ( to be added in/boot/grub2/ grub.cfg) :
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
urpmi.removemedia -a
+
menuentry "ISO OpenMandriva Lx 2014.1" {
 +
set isofile='/shogun/Downloads/OpenMandrivaLx.2014.1-kde4.x86_64.iso'
 +
loopback loop (hd0,3)$isofile
 +
linux (loop)/isolinux/vmlinuz0 root=live:CDLABEL=OpenMandrivaLx_2014.1
 +
iso-scan/filename=$isofile rd.live.image toram --
 +
initrd (loop)/isolinux/initrd0.img
 +
}
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
<pre>
 
urpmi.addmedia --distrib --mirrorlist 'http://downloads.openmandriva.org/mirrors/openmandriva.2014.0.ARCH.list'
 
</pre>
 
  
Substitute <code>ARCH</code> with your architecture, e.g. <code>i586</code> or <code>x86_64</code>.
+
<pre>set isofile='/shogun/Downloads/OpenMandrivaLx.2014.1-kde4.x86_64.iso'</pre>
  
Then run the following commands:
+
should be changed to: <pre>'/path/OpenMandrivaLx.2014.1-kde4.x86_64.iso'</pre>
  
<pre>urpmi --auto --auto-select --replacefiles 2>&1 | tee /root/upgrade.log</pre>
 
 
Reboot when completed. The upgrade log is stored in <code>/root/upgrade.log</code>.
 
 
=== Upgrading from 2011.0 ===
 
Please upgrade to 2013.0 first by following the procedures outlined in the [[2013.0/Release Notes#Upgrading_from_2011.0|2013.0 release notes]] before upgrading to '''3'''.
 
 
= Unavailable =
 
 
== DrakX Installer ==
 
The DrakX Installer is not included in this release. We hope to include it (or a new installer that brings back its features) in later releases.
 
 
Please note though that the various tasks that installed batches of software that were available in the old installer may still be used either through the OpenMandriva Tools or though the command line with urpmi.
 
 
These tasks may be listed by running 'urpmq --fuzzy task-'. Use these compilations at your own risk as they are not all currently maintained.
 
 
Some tasks such as task-games may require the addition of the the 32bit repositories for successful installation
 
 
Please also note that some tasks may pull packages from the contrib repository. Currently many of the packages in contrib have incorrect signatures. This is a known issue and you should not report incorrectly signed packages as a bug. This problem will be addressed post release when our build farm will have a quieter period so that the processor intensive resigning process can be run.
 
 
= Changes to Hardware Support =
 
 
== Graphics Support ==
 
Graphics support has improved with the latest drivers however there are still issues with some hardware.
 
 
=== NVIDIA Graphics Cards ===
 
NVidia graphics cards are all currently supported by the XFDrake, the DrakX video configuration tool. In some cases it may be necessary to install older drivers using the command line.
 
These drivers are available from the OpenMandriva repositories. The reverse engineered nouveau driver gives moderately good support for these older cards and for some dual-screen work(Publishing) it is actually better as it supports screen rotation on a second monitor which is useful for monitors with rotatable screens.
 
 
=== ATI Graphics Cards ===
 
The latest ATI graphics cards are supported; however, we have not had any concrete feedback about its usage. Your mileage may vary.
 
 
If you are using Radeon HD7770 or if you experience a black screen at boot and you know that you have an ATI/AMD grahics card please add the command below to the grub2 cmdline:-
 
  
 +
without /home/...., just /user/folder/iso
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
xorg.blacklist=ati
+
hd0,3 = /dev/sda3 ;
 +
hd0.2=/dev/sda2 ;
 +
hd1.2= /dev/sdb2
 +
and so on.
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
To do this at when booting the iso press the "TAB" key; the kernel bootline will be displayed at the bottom of the screen, go to the end of it and add any options required there. Press enter to boot.
 
If you need to enter a kernel parameter while boot an installed system the procedure is slightly different. At the boot screen press the "E" key and this will bring up the Grub editor. Search for the first line that begins with "linux" go to the end of it and add the option there. To boot press F10.
 
 
=== Intel Graphics Cards ===
 
Intel graphics cards are supported with the latest kernel we have, including newer 4th generation Intel graphics cards.
 
 
=== Miscellaneous Graphic Cards . ===
 
We have not had feedback from users. Should you have an unusual graphics card that is not performing as it should please file a bug at issues.openmandriva.org
 
 
= Changes to Installation =
 
 
== Unused Hardware & Language Removal ==
 
This feature has been re-enabled. It prompts you to run it at first boot, and you may run it any time afterwards from the <code>oma-welcome</code> application (Welcome to OpenMandriva Lx).
 
 
= Changes to the DrakX suite of tools =
 
 
== Boot Configuration ==
 
We now default to using <code>kcm-grub2</code> to control the boot loader.
 
 
== Proprietary Drivers ==
 
We now install proprietary drivers correctly.
 
 
== Firewall ==
 
We have deprecated drakfirewall in favour of firewall-config, which relies on firewalld.
 
 
Service responsible for firewall is not enabled by default.
 
 
= Changes to Software Support =
 
 
== Major Package Upgrades ==
 
The following noteworthy packages have been updated:
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
!colspan="6"|Updated Packages
 
|-
 
| dracut
 
| 038.1
 
| setup now for rapid booting
 
|-
 
| systemd
 
| 208
 
| updated from upstream
 
|-
 
| initscripts
 
| 9.53
 
| better NetworkManager support
 
|-
 
| plasma-nm
 
| 0.9.3.4
 
| easier management of network connections
 
|-
 
| plasma-mediacenter
 
| 1.3.0
 
| better control of your media centre applications
 
|-
 
| kio-mtp
 
| 20131020
 
| improved access to your media devices, including Android phones
 
|-
 
| libimobiledevice
 
| 1.1.6
 
| iOS 7 support
 
|-
 
| hplip
 
| 3.14.6
 
| improved support for HP printers
 
|-
 
| cups
 
| 1.7.2
 
| improved support for printers
 
|-
 
| mariadb
 
| 10.0.10
 
| transition from MySQL
 
|}
 
 
== MySQL to MariaDB ==
 
We have transitioned from MySQL to MariaDB 10.0. This MAY break some applications that rely on internal MySQL routines or algorithms; please make sure your applications are compatible before upgrading.
 
 
== Booting with systemd ==
 
Systemd has now been moved into the initramfs and the result is super-fast booting.
 
Switching runlevels has changed. Instead of adding the target runlevel, as before, there are now specific boot options. Namely, the following options must be appended to the kernel command line:
 
* Rescue Mode: <code>systemd.unit=rescue.target</code>
 
* Text Mode: <code>systemd.unit=multi-user.target</code>
 
* Graphical Mode: <code>systemd.unit=graphical.target</code>
 
 
== Desktop Environments ==
 
Please note that only '''KDE''' is supported by OpenMandriva Lx at this time. LXDE, Unity, GNOME, XFCE, or any other desktop environment is not supported.
 
 
== Media Sources ==
 
 
=== contrib ===
 
<code>contrib</code> represents community maintained packages. These are not supported by the core OpenMandriva Lx team, and depend on package maintainers to update it.
 
 
=== restricted ===
 
<code>restricted</code> contains libraries that aren't installed by default ''due to legal concerns''. The usage of these packages vary by country - OpenMandriva Lx is '''not''' responsible for their usage! If you believe that their usage is unallowed in your country, please disable the restricted repositories.
 
 
= Other Changes =
 
 
== Monitor EDID Loading ==
 
The "EDID ovverride" feature is now available and allows a monitor with incorrect (or no) EDID to be enabled at kernel boot
 
A package "edidbins" has been included in the ISOs which provided five binary files to support the most common resolutions. These may be called from the kernel command line at boot such that screen resolution may be force to that which the user desires. Obviously a facility like this should be used with care as it has the potential to damage your monitor.
 
In order to enable one of the supplied edid's you need to add the following line to your kernel command line "drm_kms_helper.edid_firmware=edid/1280x1024.bin" obviously you can select your resolution from those supplied which are.
 
 
1024x768
 
1280x1024
 
1600x1200
 
1680x1050
 
1920x1080
 
 
As things currently stand these resolutions are available as soon as the root directory is mounted. If you want these resolutions for plymouth then you will need to incorporate the edid binary file in the initramfs. Dracut the image builder does not currently support this. The current approach would be to unpack the initramfs, add the necessary files and then repack.
 
 
= Errata =
 
As with any release, there are still issues and bugs that may not have been resolved. This page documents those that may cause inconvenience and where possible details how they may be worked around.
 
 
== Booting ''Live'' DVD/USB ==
 
If you have a problem booting the live image with some hardware please report a bug detailing your hardware and any observations that you make if you are affected by this problem.
 
 
Partitioning with Small Disks
 
 
When using the custom partitioning tool to divide up the hard disk/s be aware that there is a minimum size requirement a root partition that contains the /usr directory of at least 5.0Gb. If the partition is made smaller that this the partition manager will not function correctly.
 
 
Due to the adoption of systemd the use of a separate /usr partition is no longer possible.
 
It is still permissible to have a separate /usr/local partition.
 
 
Workaround: If you receive an error message stating that the partition is smaller than the minimum requirement then do not try to resize it as this will fail; instead, use the auto-allocate function which will automatically create a partitioning scheme for you, which you may then delete or change to suit your own requirements. This will clear the error.
 
 
== Local Network Sharing ==
 
The firewall service, <code>firewalld</code> is now disabled by default, if required it may be re-enabled via the OMA Contol Centre under the system entry.
 
 
== Parental Controls ==
 
Parental Controls are currently non-functional.
 
 
'''Workaround:'''
 
None available at the moment.
 
 
== Partitioning with Small Disks: Clearing the partitioner ==
 
When using the custom partitioning tool to divide up the hard disk/s be aware that there is a minimum size requirement a root partition that contains the /usr directory of at least 5.0Gb. If the partition is made smaller that this the partition manager will not function correctly.
 
Due to the adoption of '''systemd''' the use of a separate '''/usr''' partition is [http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/separate-usr-is-broken/ no longer possible].
 
It is still permissible to have a separate '''/usr/local''' partition.
 
 
'''Workaround:'''
 
If you receive an error message stating that the partition is smaller than the minimum requirement then do not try to resize it as this will fail; instead, use the auto-allocate function which will automatically create a partitioning scheme for you, which you may then delete or change to suit your own requirements. This will clear the error.
 
 
== Console has incorrect keyboard ==
 
If you still have problem with virtual console incorrect language setting, keyboard map or font, first
 
run localedrake and then keyboraddrake. After choosing your local setting make sure to reboot.
 
In '''/etc/default/grub''' - GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT you should have these:
 
<pre>
 
vconsole.keymap=<yourkeymap> locale.LANG=<yourLANG>
 
</pre>
 
 
If problem is font map related then add to cmdline through grub2's /etc/default/grub - GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT:
 
 
<pre>
 
vconsole.font.map=<yourfontmap>
 
</pre>
 
 
For instance:
 
'''vconsole.font.map=8859-2'''
 
 
== Network Icon disappears ==
 
 
You may find that the network icon disappears when you reboot after creating a new user.
 
 
'''Workaround:'''
 
You can re-enable it by right-clicking on the system tray in the panel, unlocking the widgets and under the list of extra items setting a tick in Network Managment and then clicking on the apply button.
 
 
== wheel ==
 
 
Please note that the first user created on the system is part of the <code>wheel</code> group, which allocates special privileges that are usually only allocated for the <code>root</code> user. Users in <code>wheel</code> can bypass certain password dialogues to change system settings.
 
 
'''Workaround:'''
 
This is intended behaviour. If you wish to disable this, remove users from the <code>wheel</code> group.
 
 
== Black Screen at Boot ==
 
 
There is an issue with systems that have two different graphics adapters but only one of them is operational. Typically this is a Nvidia GPU combined the either Intel or AMD/ATI. Due to the automated nature of driver selection in modern systems if the non-functional GPU is automatically selected then X will load the matching driver. Thus the working GPU never gets setup resulting in a black screen.
 
We have recently added a new boot command line option to allow an Xorg driver to be blacklisted thus allowing the correct driver to be detected.
 
 
To use this feature you must edit the grub2 command line. You can do this by selecting your desired boot option and then pressing TAB. To the end of the line add the following:-
 
xorg.blacklist=<driver to blacklist>
 
 
To determine which driver needs to be blacklisted is probably best achieved by booting the system to a text mode and checking which driver has been loaded at boot time. A procedure for doing this is detailed below. In some circumstances this may not be possible and you will need to resort to your motherboard/Graphics card specifications or trial and error. It will be necessary to permanently add the line to the grub2 command line that boots the installation. This is described below.
 
 
There are other circumstances where a black screen may be encountered. For example if you wish to use the proprietary driver for your graphics adapter it may be necessary to inhibit the kernel mechanism that loads the free drivers. In these circumstances adding
 
 
nomodeset
 
or
 
nokmsboot
 
 
to the kernel command line will normally be enough to allow installation of the OS or running with the manufacturers drivers . If necessary the command may be added permanently by editing /etc/default/grub at the GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT label and adding the required command. Then run update-grub2
 
 
 
'''To boot to text mode:-'''
 
 
1: Boot from the DVD/USB stick and at the grub selection screen select the livecd option and press TAB. Edit the grub command line by and add the command 
 
"systemd.unit=multi-user.task nomodeset"
 
to the end and boot the machine. This will bring you to a command prompt where you can login.
 
 
2: Login as root and then type lsmod | less and observe the output. Look for the loaded graphics driver by finding the drm entry the graphics driver will be listed here.  It will be typically nouveau, radeon or i915 (there may be others). The name used here will be the name to add to the xorg.blacklist= parameter
 
 
== Backlight Issues ==
 
 
There are some machines with Intel GPU's (Netbooks particularly) that may still give a black screen even with everything set up correctly; this is due to the screen backlight logic being inverted. This may be fixed by adding i915.invert_brightness=1 parameter to the boot command line. This may be needed in addition to the xorg.blacklist= parameter.
 
 
== Boot to a dracut prompt ==
 
If this happens all is not lost. This may be indicative of the lack of disk driver for your hardware. Dracut indicates that it has produced a bug report which you can copy to a memory stick and then attach to a bug report you will need to mount your memory stick. Assuming it is FAT formatted then plug it in and type 'dmesg' the device name of your memory stick should be visible it will be in the form /dev/sd<x> the bracketed x will vary depending on how many drives have been found on your machine if for example you have one other drive then the entry might read /dev/sdb.
 
Create a new directory /mnt with 'mkdir /mnt' then type 'mount -t vfat /dev/sdb1 /mnt' and the drive should be mounted. (Note the 1 added to the device name). You should then be able to copy files to your memory stick with 'cp <files> /mnt/' . Please take the trouble to report this type of problem as receiving these reports is the only way we can improve our distribution.
 
 
= Contact, Bug Reporting, Discussion =
 
You are invited to discuss this release on our:
 
* [http://forums.openmandriva.org Forums]
 
* [http://ml.openmandriva.org/listinfo.cgi Mailing Lists]
 
* [[Openmandriva_on_IRC|IRC]]
 
 
Please report bugs to our [http://issues.openmandriva.org '''bugtracker'''].
 
 
For us to get the most information about your situation, it is a wise idea to install <code>omv-bug-report</code>:
 
<pre>urpmi omv-bug-report</pre>
 
 
Then, as root:
 
<pre>omv-bug-report.sh</pre>
 
 
will generate an archive containing system information that can be attached to a bug or mailed to a maintainer. This will greatly assist them in the diagnosis of the problem being reported.
 
 
= Helping the Project =
 
As always, the OpenMandriva development teams (Cooker & QA) are always looking for new contributors to assist in creating and maintaining packages and to assist bugfixing and testing. You are welcome to  join us and help us in this work which is not only rewarding but also tremendous fun!
 
 
If you feel that your talents do not lie in the realm of software, then the OpenMandriva Workshop group, which is made up from the artwork, documentation, translation and Communication teams, is always open for the submissions of artwork and translations. New contributors who would like to help with these wide-ranging tasks should see our wiki (wiki.openmandriva.org) for more details, and to learn how to join!. Alternatively you may sign up to the mailing lists available [http://ml.openmandriva.org/listinfo.cgi here].
 
 
It also costs time and money to keep our servers up and running. If you can, please [https://openmandriva.org/en/donate donate] to keep the lights on!
 
  
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[[Category:Release 3]]
 
[[Category:Release 3]]

Revision as of 11:53, 23 January 2015

G3334.png



It is recommended that you read the latest release notes 3/Release_Notes on our wiki.

What's New in OpenMandriva Lx 3?

This is a new OpenMandriva Lx release, the fourth product from the OpenMandriva Association.

Codename for this release is Phosphorus.


Over the course of the past year we've tried to evolve the way you use your desktop with us. Here are some of the things we've done for 3:

Theme and artwork

OpenMandriva Lx ships with our traditional Elementary theme, signifying its ease of use. We also have our OpenMandriva 2014.1 artwork.

KDE 4.13.3

We've included the latest release of KDE 4.13.3 with our distribution, bringing with it the latest KDE stable, secure, and reliable KDE release:

We've also included Homerun Kicker as our default launcher.

There are also some changes:

  • KMail is our default email client, which has improved greatly since our last release.
  • VLC is our default video player.
  • plasma-nm which is a great replacement for old networking tool

For more information about KDE 4.13.3, check out the KDE's website.

JAVA

The java stack has been remade in cooker to be 100% compatible with Fedora 20, and the work backported to 2014.1.

Spotlight is a fully functional eclipse 4.3.1.

Updates and new applications

Mozilla Firefox 32.0

Firefox has been updated to version 32.0, with bugfixes and new features.


For more information, see Mozilla's website.

LibreOffice 4.3.1

2014.1 brings with it the newest version of the LibreOffice suite - word processing, presentations, and spreadsheets, as well as other productivity tools to help with your everyday life!

Other significant updates

This release features the new startup system, systemd, which is being adopted widely within the Linux world.

Performance Improvements

OpenMandriva Lx 2014.1 has been improving with every iteration - we've tried to make sure that your system works in a stable yet powerful manner.

The kernel has been upgraded to 3.15.10 nrjQL - a powerful variant of the 3.15.10 kernel. The CPU and RCU have been configured with full preemption and boost mode, while we've also added the CK1 and BFQ patchsets to provide optimisations (including a better CPU load scheduler, better disk I/O scheduler, a better memory manager via UKSM, and TuxOnIce for better suspension and hibernation), designed with desktop system performance and responsiveness in mind.

USB Friendly

OpenMandriva Lx Applications

Other Improvements

Booting OpenMandriva Lx

Booting from USB

Booting from DVD

Booting from ISO file

Grub2 entry ( to be added in/boot/grub2/ grub.cfg) :

menuentry "ISO OpenMandriva Lx 2014.1" {
set isofile='/shogun/Downloads/OpenMandrivaLx.2014.1-kde4.x86_64.iso'
loopback loop (hd0,3)$isofile
linux (loop)/isolinux/vmlinuz0 root=live:CDLABEL=OpenMandrivaLx_2014.1
iso-scan/filename=$isofile rd.live.image toram --
initrd (loop)/isolinux/initrd0.img
}


set isofile='/shogun/Downloads/OpenMandrivaLx.2014.1-kde4.x86_64.iso'
should be changed to:
'/path/OpenMandrivaLx.2014.1-kde4.x86_64.iso'


without /home/...., just /user/folder/iso

hd0,3 = /dev/sda3 ;
hd0.2=/dev/sda2 ;
hd1.2= /dev/sdb2
and so on.