Difference between revisions of "2013.0/Release Notes"
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* Graphical Mode: <code>systemd.unit=graphical.target</code>
* Graphical Mode: <code>systemd.unit=graphical.target</code>
== VirtualBox ==
We VirtualBox 4.3 . VirtualBox 4.3 and the .
= Other Changes =
= Other Changes =
Revision as of 20:23, 19 November 2013
It is recommended that you read the latest release notes on our wiki.
2013.0 Final Release
The OpenMandriva Lx teams are pleased to announce the availability of the 2013.0 final release!
Detailed are some of the changes that the OS has undergone since Mandriva Linux 2011.
This release is available as a live media DVD, downloadable in ISO format. They are available on our downloads page.
Live media means you're able to run OpenMandriva Lx straight from the DVD and try it before installing it. You may also install the system to hard disk either from the running live cd or from the boot manager.
Please note the recommended hardware requirements have changed; To run the distribution, we recommend 1 GB of memory (min 640MB), at least 10 GB of hard drive space (see below for known issues with partitioning), and for best compositing performance a suitable accelerated 3D graphics card. Releases are available for the i586 and x86_64 architectures. ARM architectures are not available for this release.
Booting from USB
It is possible to boot this release from a USB. You may use Fedora's LiveUSB Creator with a download of the OpenMandriva Lx ISO for your system to make your USB bootable. At least 2GB of flash drive capacity is recommended. Persistent storage is not necessary. Note that this will erase everything on your USB! It is also possible to use the dd command to image the iso to an USB Drive e.g "dd if=<iso_name> of=/dev/sd<x> bs=4M" .
Booting with KVM
Please use the QXL or VMWare video driver to avoid any problems booting OpenMandriva LX with kernel 3.11.5 or higher.
Booting with VirtualBox
Please note that there is an increased memory requirement for successful booting in this VM manager. The virtual machine should be set up with a minumum of 1536mb.
New Features and Major Changes
The introduction of OpenMandriva 2013.0 represents a major update from the previous version of Mandriva. This is the first release under the new name, OpenMandriva Lx, and is also the first release under the community of the OpenMandriva Association. With that in mind, here are some of the new features:
OpenMandriva Lx features new kernel called NRJ as for energy!
With the "NRJ" configs the CPU and RCU are configured with full Preemption enabled and in full Boost mode, while the "QL" mode add also the CK1 and BFQ patchsets combined provide optimisations, including better CPU load scheduler (BFS), better disk I/O scheduler (BFQ), then we must consider the presence of UKSM for a better memory manager and TOI for better suspension and hibernate functionality, each designed with desktop system performance and responsiveness in mind
KDE 4.11.2 provides a clean, unified desktop for OpenMandriva. It has all the tools required to be productive whilst providing a pleasant, functional environment.
This release provides a KDE 4.11 installation featuring ROSA's SimpleWelcome launcher, a winner of the latest contest.
Upgrading to 2013.0
Upgrading between releases of Mandriva always has the potential to cause some problems. Upgrading is supported and we do test upgrades, but due to the huge range of packages and hardware configurations possible, it is always the case that in your particular situation, the upgrade may cause a problem we did not anticipate. Therefore we recommend that you always back up your system prior to upgrading.
Upgrading between OpenMandriva releases should be less problematic in the future.
In particular, upgrading between MDV-based packages and OMV-based packages may cause problems.
Upgrading from 2011.0
We do not currently have an official way to update this from the GUI, as our tool is not ready yet.
With the caveats mentioned above, you can still accomplish this upgrade from the command line. To do this, first ensure your system is entirely up-to-date with the latest updates for your current version of the distribution (using either
MandrivaUpdate, Mandriva Online (Mandriva update notification applet) or
Then remove your existing repositories, either using the graphical repository configuration tool or the
urpmi.removemedia -a will remove all repositories. Then you should add repositories for this release. Run a command like this:
urpmi.addmedia --distrib --mirrorlist 'http://downloads.openmandriva.org/mirrors/openmandriva.2013.0.ARCH.list'
ARCH with your architecture, e.g.
Then run the following commands, as root:
urpmi --auto --auto-select --replacefiles 2>&1 | tee upgrade.log
You may see an error "unknown option --replacefiles" when you first run this, but don't worry, that's normal: older urpmi versions do not have this option, but our urpmi does, and it will be passed along to our urpmi when the urpmi process is restarted after the package has been updated. This will save the output of the process to the file upgrade.log, in case you need to check it later, or you have any problems. Once the process completes, you should reboot immediately, and you should find the system has been fully updated to this version.
The DrakX Installer is not included in this release. We hope to include it (or a new installer that brings back its features) in later releases.
Changes to Hardware Support
Graphics support has improved with the latest drivers.
NVIDIA Graphics Cards
Note that older NVidia graphics cards FX series and before are not currently supported by the XFDrake, the DrakX video configuration tool. Older drivers are available from the OpenMandriva repositories and should be installed directly with urpmi: your mileage may vary. The reverse engineered nouveau driver gives moderately good support for these older cards.
ATI Graphics Cards
The latest ATI graphics cards are supported; however, we have not had any concrete feedback about its usage. Your mileage may vary.
Intel Graphics Cards
Intel graphics cards are supported with the latest kernel we have, including newer 4th generation Intel graphics cards.
We have not had any other feedback from users.
The kernel upgrade to 3.11.5 has enabled much more support, including new ethernet drivers and improved existing drivers, such as Atheros ethernet chips (alx).
Changes to Installation
Unused Hardware & Language Removal
Previously, when running the installer, you would not be prompted to remove any hardware or languages that the system did not use. However, this did lead to numerous false-positives (and even in some cases, destruction of the installed system). We have disabled the removal step until the problem can be remedied or a choice given to the user (unselected by default).
Changes to the DrakX suite of tools
Changes to Software Support
Booting with systemd
Switching runlevels has changed. Instead of adding the target runlevel, as before, there are now specific boot options. Namely, the following options must be appended to the kernel command line:
- Rescue Mode:
- Text Mode:
- Graphical Mode:
We include VirtualBox 4.3 and above. Please note of an issue with VirtualBox Guest Additions in versions less than 4.3 and our kernels in the errata.
As with any release, there are still issues and bugs that have not been resolved. This page attempts to document the ones that may cause inconvenience.
Update tool tries to add Cooker repositories
The update tool, MandrivaUpdate, will attempt to add repositories that are not for 2013.0; instead, it will try to add Cooker repositories and expose your system to unnecessary and potentially breakable updates.
Either use the popup that appears with mdkapplet; or:
Open Install & Remove Software (or rpmdrake), and from the menu, open the Media Manager and click Add. This will add the proper repositories. Then, check periodically for updates. MandrivaUpdate will be usable after this workaround.
Usage of Mandriva in System Tools
There are still usages of Mandriva in the system tools. They are being remedied.
Workaround: Check for updates periodically, and report bugs for any occurrences that you still see.
Partitioning with Small Disks
When using the custom partitioning tool to divide up the hard disk/s be aware that there is a minimum size requirement for the partition that contains the /usr directory of at least 4.0Gb. If the partition is made smaller that this the partition manager will not function correctly.
Workaround: If you receive an error message stating that the partition is smaller than the minimum requirement then do not try to resize it as this will fail; instead, use the auto-allocate function which will automatically create a partitioning scheme for you, which you may then delete or change to suit your own requirements. This will clear the error.
VirtualBox Guest Additions
Due to a recent API change, 4.2.x series of vboxadditions will not work. Instead, use 4.3.x series which is known to work with this release Bug #204
Workaround: Upgrade to VirtualBox 4.3 or later.
Black Screen at Boot
There is an issue with systems that have two different graphics adapters but only one of them is operational. Typically this is a Nvidia GPU combined the either Intel or AMD/ATI. Due to the automated nature of driver selection in modern systems if the non-functional GPU is automatically selected then X will load the matching driver. Thus the working GPU never gets setup resulting in a black screen. We have recently added a new boot command line option to allow an Xorg driver to be blacklisted thus allowing the correct driver to be detected.
To use this feature you must edit the grub2 command line. You can do this by selecting your desired boot option and then pressing TAB. To the end of the line add the following:-
xorg.blacklist=<driver to blacklist>.
To determine which driver needs to be blacklisted is probably best achieved by booting the system to a text mode and checking which driver has been loaded at boot time. A procedure for doing this is detailed below. In some circumstances this may not be possible and you will need to resort to your motherboard/Graphics card specifications or trial and error. It will be necessary to permanently add the line to the grub2 commandline that boots the installation. This is described below.
There are other circumstances where a black screen may be encountered. In these circumstances adding nomodeset or nokmsboot to the kernel commandline will normally be enough to allow installation of the OS. If necessary the command may be added permanently by editing /etc/default/grub at the GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT label and adding the required command. Then run update-grub2
To boot to text mode:-
1: Boot from the DVD/USB stick and at the grub selection screen select the livecd option and press TAB. Edit the grub command line by and add the command "systemd.unit=multi-user.task nomodeset" to the end and boot the machine. This will bring you to a command prompt where you can login.
2: Login as root and then type lsmod | less and observe the output. Look for the loaded graphics driver by finding the drm entry the graphics driver will be listed here. It will be typically nouveau, radeon or i915 (there may be others). The name used here will be the name to add to the xorg.blacklist= parameter
There are some machines with Intel GPU's (Netbooks particularly) may still give a black screen. This may be fixed by adding i915.invert_brightness=1 parameter to the boot command line. This may be needed in addition to the xorg.blacklist= parameter.
Contact, Bug Reporting, Discussion
You are invited to discuss this release on our forums (forums.openmandriva.org). Support is also available in the development channels via email (http://ml.openmandriva.org/listinfo.cgi). We are also on IRC.
Please report bugs to our bugtracker (issues.openmandriva.org). Please give as much information as you can in your report.
Helping the Project
As always, the OpenMandriva development teams (Cooker & QA) are always looking for contributors to assist in bugfixing, and so we invite you to join us and help tackle issues that might arise!
Also, the OpenMandriva Workshop, which contains Artwork, Documentation, and Communication teams, is always open to new submissions for artwork and translations!
See our wiki (wiki.openmandriva.org) for more details, and to learn how to join!.